Split, the second largest city in Croatia

Split, the second largest city in Croatia, is located on the Mediterranean Sea shore, on a central peninsula. It links numerous surrounding Adriatic islands and is a popular tourist destination.


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Split is considered to have been established as a Greek colony in the 6th century BC. The beginnings of the city are connected to the construction of the massive Diocletian's Palace, the best preserved Roman palace in the world, built by the Emperor as his retirement place, with massive walls, numerous inner courtyards and a vast column gallery on the waterfront facade. The Cathedral of St. Duje or St. Dominus was erected from the Emperor's mausoleum within one of the many inner gallery courtyards of the palace precinct, a Romanesque church whose bell tower has become a city symbol. The palace and cathedral, along with the rest of Split's historic center, are designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Venetian style is also recognizable in the old town, especially in the Prokurative palace, a bright red building surrounding the city's republic square with a column gallery. Split also has two important archaeological museums, one dedicated to antiquity, the other to the early medieval period.

Modern architecture has also broken through in Split, in the innovative design of the Poljud Stadium, one of the first sports venues covered with transparent lexan plates in its seashell roof structure, or in the double glass facade with protruding square consoles, of the vast Split University Library.

The Split peninsula is home to the dormant volcano Marjan, covered in a dense Mediterranean pine forest, on the background of the city harbor. It has been used as a park by local citizens since the 3rd century, and represents a favourite weekend excursion and important recreational center, encompassing numerous beaches, jogging trails, tennis courts and the city zoo, as well as the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries on top of the peninsula.

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Split, the second largest city in Croatia

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